Heraklea Linkestis


It was founded by the Macedonian King Philip the Second. The city grew into well-developed military and strategic centre on the north-western border of the Macedonian area of Linkesida (today this area refers to Bitola Field). Being situated on the most important crossroad in that period, Via Ignatia, Heraklea became the most crucial stop in the region.

The statues of both, the well-wisher and the priest of Heraclea - Tit Flavij Orest and the statue of the goddess of the justice and destiny Nemesis are placed in the Court portico (from the III century); these are the first sights welcoming the visitors of Heraclea. The water-supply system (from the IV century) goes along the street and leads up to the Term (dates from the beginning of the IV century) which is consisted of three premises, feature of the everyday dimension of the human living and the hygiene of that period.

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The Small Basilica with its modest dimensions is only one of the Christian temples which lead up to the Big Basilica, near by the baptismal font but also to the other premises of this imposingly building. The floor mosaics present in the basilicas are continuation of those in the Episcopal Residence, filled with thousands and thousands of little stones set in the perfect harmony. You can deeply feel the images of the underground and heaven life in the theatre complex. Following the configuration of the terrain, its architecture succeeded in adjusting the twelve row of seats, the honourable loge, the scene and the orchestra and to design this building to the level of perfection.

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Heraclea Linkestis is the cultural treasury of the Balkan. Its archaeological heritage is very diverse and rich. Every exhibit carries the spirit of the Hellenic time, the Roman period and creates unique truth about the city, where building of different past times are consequently intercrossing, where there are pillars and mosaics on the area of approximately 160 square meters. Today, Heraclea Linkestis is considered as a significant archaeological site and place where many cultural events take place.